This is when someone physically hurts or harms a child.
Hitting, squeezing, biting, or twisting a child's arms or legs can cause injuries like bruises, grazes, cuts or broken bones. Sometimes someone burns a child, perhaps by holding a part of their body against something very hot, by scalding, or by using something such as a cigarette.
Violently shaking a baby can cause brain injuries, which can lead to permanent disability or even death. Poisoning a child, perhaps by giving them alcohol or drugs and deliberately making them ill, is also physical abuse.
- Any injuries at all to young babies who are not yet able to move on their own
- Bruises in places where you would not normally expect to find them on a child
- Bruises which have a distinctive shape or pattern, like handprints, grasp or finger marks, or belt marks
- Burns or scalds with clear outlines
- Bite marks and bruises like 'love bites'
- Bruising in or around the mouth, especially in babies