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Who are the victims?

Anyone can experience domestic abuse - male or female, any age group or relationship type, whatever the cultural, ethnic, or financial background. It is important to recognise that:

  • Domestic abuse affects all communities
  • Victims and perpetrators can be male or female.

Domestic Abuse can occur in any relationship where there is a current or historical, emotional or family connection. Isolation and dependency, degradation and control are common themes but, for some individuals, additional risk factors will further enhance vulnerability. This may include groups already at risk of discrimination or disadvantage, or those with complex needs.

Domestic abuse can be experienced between family members, including violence between siblings and child-to-parent violence and abuse.

Domestic abuse occurs across all cultures and nations. However, religious and cultural practices and pressures may cause additional barriers to disclosure or seeking help.

It is important to remember that:

  • Abuse is never normal and should never be accepted
  • All victims and families have the right to be protected from violence and abuse
  • Victims may struggle to talk about or disclose what is happening to them for fear of a hostile or judgemental response. Providing a safe, respectful and compassionate space to talk can make all the difference.

Further reading